Prophet Muhammed was commanded to follow the Religion of Abraham. Had the religion of Abraham not known to him, we would not expect God to command him to follow it.
[19:58] "These are some of the prophets whom GOD blessed. They were chosen from among the descendants of Adam, and the descendants of those whom we carried with Noah, and the descendants of Abraham and Israel, and from among those whom we guided and selected. When the revelations of the Most Gracious are recited to them, they fall prostrate, weeping."
[19:59] "After them, He substituted generations who lost the Contact Prayers (Salat), and pursued their lusts. They will suffer the consequences."
Quran conforms that salat was lost after some generations for the people of the book. Losing it involved changing it in every aspect. The salat as practiced today by most of the Jews and Christians is different than what was given to their prophets. Very few Jews and Christians have maintained the inherited Salat.
In a book entitles "To Pray as a Jew" I found a lengthy explanation of the the Prayers as done by the ancient Jews and few of the contemporary Jews. In this book the author put diagrams showing the movement and positions during the prayer. One look at these illustrations is enough for the Muslims to realize the similarity of the prayers of the Jews then and Salat as practiced by the Muslims.
|In his comment about these positions the author wrote : "In most contemporary
congregations very few people keep to the tradition of falling prostrate. Sometimes it is
only the Prayer leader and the rabbi who does so. In more traditional congregations,
however, some worshipers, men and women, will join the Prayer Leader and rabbi in the act
of prostrating themselves. In Israeli synagogues, the practice is more widespread than in
synagogues elsewhere. Since this is a position that we are unaccustomed to, one who has
never done this before might very well demur. But once accomplished, the experience
provides such a spiritual uplift that one looks forward to repeating it. Those willing to
try this ancient ritual form on the rare occasions that call for it might welcome the
following diagrams of the correct procedure"
It is also interesting to learn from this book that the prayers of the Jews involve wash before the prayers, (like Wuduu or ablution for Muslims), and the call for Prayers (like the Azan for the Muslims).
For a Muslim, the details and examples were provided by the Holy Quran and Prophet Muhammad who continued the method of submission practiced by the Prophets before him:
(Psalm 95:6)"O come, let us worship and bow down: let us kneel before the Lord our maker.", (Joshua 18:42)"And Joshua fell on his face to the Earth, and did worship...", (I Kings 18:42)"And Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; and he cast himself down upon the Earth, and put his face between his knees.", (Numbers 20:6)"...and they [Moses and Aaron] fell upon their faces: and the Glory of the Lord appeared on them.", (Genesis 17:3)"And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying..."